Find help and online resources for:

Mental health problems


The prevailing view is that more women than men are depressed, but a new study suggests that there is something wrong with the diagnostic criteria. This writes

 Image: Dreamstime (with licence) writes:

More women than men become depressed, it is stated on the National Institute of Public Health's info pages, which refers to a study that suggests this. But A new study suggests that the diagnostic criteria for depression may best match the signs that are common among women.

The new study is referred to took into account that depression may have other forms of expression in men than in women, and therefore added several diagnostic criteria that are considered classic signs of depression.

Instead of reacting to emotional pain and sadness reticence, more men react with anger, self-destruction, mental flight, drug use, gambling problems, sleep problems, woman hunting and workaholism, the researchers wrote in their article according to


Men drink and get angry

In a article on the same topic writes earlier this year:

The experts at Modum Bad now believe that severe depression affects as many men as women. And it is especially men from the age of 45 and up who are at risk.

They tell the story of Major General Leif Sverre Rosén, who in 2006 went public against his own leadership and said that it was not safe to be a Norwegian soldier in Afghanistan. This was a choice he had to pay a high price for: Work smoke. So fresh marriage and everything was dark.

According to, many men experience the same darkness. However, the symptoms of depression may be different in men than they are in women.

They are more disturbing than in women. Men start drinking, taking chances and doing things that put them at greater risk. Anger and aggression can be the key symptom of depression for a man, says leader and consultant Torben Berglund at Modum Bad to


- Ask other questions to men

Although the research article represents new research-based knowledge, this is not to say that this is new thinking in the clinical field. In an article in Dagens Medisin from 2006, psychiatrist and researcher Anders Lund encourages doctors to ask other questions for men to catch depression. He encourages doctors to ask men about aggression, irritability and alcohol consumption, suspected of depression.

The traditional diagnostic tools do not capture depression well enough, says Anders Lund Dagens Medisin.

Anyone who has tried to find the rate of major depression in a population mostly finds a large overrepresentation of women. I have always been amazed at the big difference, and I think it can not be explained by women are better at putting emotions into words - and to a greater extent than men consult your doctor for mental problems. I think it is rather what we ask for, which contributes to a higher incidence of depression in women, says Lund.


Lack of joy - rather than the presence of sadness

The conclusion from the study referenced by supports psychiatrist Anders Lund's approach, the study concludes that men are just as often depressed as women, but that men often experience depression in a somewhat different way than women do. The consequence is that Lund shows that it is necessary to ask other questions to men, suspected of depression.

In the article on "Dagens Medisin", psychiatrist Anders Lund expands on this. Asked what advice he would give to doctors who usually use such MADRS to detect depression in men, he replied as follows:

I use my own experience when I ask questions. For example, do not capture MADRS typical symptoms in men. That's why I like to ask my male patients if they are irritable or aggressive - and I often ask questions about alcohol consumption. I also have experience that if I ask men if they are depressed or sad, they often answer no.

A more reliable answer I get if I ask about the lack of joy - about what they have usually done that has given them joy to what extent it is something they do or have had today. Anhedonia - lack of joy - is a core symptom of a severe depression.



Also read