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Mental health problems

 

A personality disorder is a mental disorder characterized by abnormalities in the personality. It is common with low and unstable self-esteem, as well as difficulties in interpersonal relationships. These problems affect the quality of life and how one functions in daily life. The condition manifests itself already in adolescence and continues into adulthood.

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Generally about personality disorders

Personality disorders are mental disorders in which low and unstable self-esteem, and difficulties in interpersonal relationships negatively affect quality of life and how one functions in daily life.

Here is a list of examples of personality problems that are often found in people with personality disorders.

 

Difficulties associated with self:





 

  1. low and / or unstable self-esteem
  2. varying feeling of feeling coherent and whole (lack of sense of identity)
  3. difficulty mastering and controlling emotions and impulses
  4. repeated self-harm
  5. repeated suicide attempts
  6. difficulty finding meaning in life 
  7. difficulty in following up short-term and long-term goals
  8. difficulty knowing their own norms for how to behave and follow society's norms for acceptable behavior
  9. difficulty assessing oneself as a person

 

Difficulties in relation to others:

 





  1. misunderstandings in relationships with others
  2. a tendency to social avoidance and social isolation
  3. difficulty understanding others' experiences, perspectives and motives
  4. difficulty having multiple perspectives on social events
  5. difficulty understanding how one's own behavior affects others
  6. difficulty establishing and maintaining close relationships
  7. difficulties with reciprocity and equality in relationships
  8. conflicting relationships with others
  9. conflicts in close relationships such as boyfriend, friend and family relationships

 

What helps with personality disorders?

The treatment of personality disorders aims to create better social functioning and adaptation. In addition, attempts are made to reduce acute symptoms, such as psychosis. Furthermore, support is provided to ride out crises in relation to those closest to them.

In the treatment context, personality disorders are divided into two groups: mild and severe personality disorders. The mild personality disorders include avoidant, obsessive-compulsive and dependent personality disorders, while the rest are considered among the most severe.

The main treatment for the mild personality disorders is long-term psychotherapy. This is done by a specialist. Some will need additional treatment for depression and anxiety.

In the case of severe personality disorders, hospitalization and medical treatment in crises may be necessary, in addition to long-term psychotherapy. Supportive talks with a general practitioner may also be relevant.

 

Learn more about personality disorders

There are several types of personality disorders. Select from the list to read more:

 

  1. Antisocial personality disorder / psychopathy
  2. Dependent personality disorder
  3. Borderline personality disorder
  4. Hysterical / dramatizing personality disorder
  5. Narcissistic personality disorder
  6. Paranoid personality disorder
  7. Schizoid personality disorder
  8. Schizotypal personality disorder
  9. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  10. Avoidant personality disorder

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